A tax treaty is a bilateral agreement made by two countries to resolve problems involving double taxation of passive and active income. Tax treaties generally set the amount of tax that a country can apply to a taxpayer's income, capital, estate, and wealth, on individuals and corporates. Read article
The new Tax Cut and Jobs Act voted into law by President Donald Trump’s administration Introduced several major changes for tax refund and tax return regarding the J1 Visa Holders working in the USA under the Work & Travel programme. In our previous article you can find any information regarding the new rules to apply for tax refund; here we’ll explain how the new law affects the tax return for nonresident aliens: why it is a legal obligation, who has to file the tax return and how. Read article
Tired to be woken up by that morning alarm buzzing in your ears? Want to change this stinking job you have? Maybe you will change your opinion, maybe you’ll pack your suitcase once you read about these strange jobs around the world! Read article
It’s time to check your tax class in Germany: yes, you can change it and, of course, you can apply for a refund Read article
Zorgtoeslag is an allowance; Algemene heffingskorting is a tax credit. Let’s see what they are for and how to apply! Read article
Austria hosts about more than one million of foreigners working in various sectors. As the economy changes, the job demand differs as well, but still, tourism sector is the most requested area in order to find an easy and seasonal job. Quite a lot, unfortunately, don’t know anything about income tax and tax refund. So what to do if you want to work in Austria and comply with the Austrian regulations? Read article
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act is a new tax bill voted into law in the United States.Here is how it affects J1 Visa students working and travelling in the USA in 2018. Read article
So you live in Malta, but not just because of the sunny beaches and the astonishing waves? Well, if you are also a worker there, employed or self-employed, we have good news for you! Read article
Nowadays there are many jobs that can be done on cruise ships or cargo ships. You could cover different types of job, ranging from bars to sales, restaurants, entertainment, fitness, and many others. Instead workers on cargo ships are employed in the boarding operations, security, travel, storage and others. Read article
How do family policies change through Europe? Who is entitled to them and for how long? Find out which countries are the best parental leave payers. Here we compare Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy, Iceland, Belgium and Norway in a comprehensive overview of what local rules are and how they differ in our elderly dear Europe. Read article
Lots are moving to Spain for a year or two to work and travel, enjoying the country. But what happens when it’s time for a tax return? Here some helpful tips about Spanish fiscal system! Read article
Most of those who work or study in Norway omit to claim their deductions to the Norwegian tax administration. Keep your eyes on your Selvangivelse form before it is too late! Here are some tips for you, dear expat! Read article
If you were there as a student or with a working holiday visa, hurry up to get your overpaid tax back! New Zealand tax year ended up on the 31st of March. From now until the 7th of July, be ready to apply for your tax refund! Read article
Every employee has already received his PAYE-P60 for 2017. In this document, you will find the summary of your earnings and the tax you paid last year. Unfortunately, many expats forget to claim their allowances before they apply for a tax refund. Find out what allowance you are entitled to and how you can apply for it! Read article
The tax year in the UK is finished on 5th April 2018. Starting from this date, you will receive your P60, a document that resumes your British income. It also lists the amount of tax your employer deducted from your salary for the whole tax year. Read article
In Canada fiscal year ends up at the end of December (01/01-31/12).The deadline for file your tax return, and so your tax refund, is before April 30. Read article
Every year many expats don’t apply for their tax refund as they simply don’t know it is possible! Here we explain how to refund your taxes. Read article
Here you can find easy guidelines about allowances and rights in the Netherlands for those who works there for a limited period or just arrived. Read article
Your tax return and your tax refund may change.
Last year Luxembourg modified fiscal law bringing in many adjustments; primarily rising the ceiling applicable for certain deduction and adding new deductibles. Rules for non-resident married couples were changed as well.
But how may Luxembourg fiscal reform affect your next tax return? What are the relating implications your tax refund claim? Read article
Lots of foreigners work nowadays in the Czech Republic and many of them don’t know that it is possible to get back their overpaid taxes. You may be one of them. Read article
Foreigners that work and pay taxes in Belgium are entitled to a certain allowance, as well as they can be entitled to apply for a tax refund. Read article
For those who work in Germany, every fiscal year ends up with your LBS. Moreover, every employer is legally obliged to issue it to every employee. Read article
Child benefit in Austria is one of the best child allowance in Europe. It can be granted by the State, by the Region and/or by the city you live in. The best thing to do is to find out what are the conditions you must meet to apply. Read article
What is a Sufinummer, a Burgerservicenummer and a DigiD? Those who work in the Netherlands still can have some doubts about them. Here we explain what they are for and how you can apply for them Read article
First and foremost, let make clear the topic: if you are a worker, you are more than likely entitled to claim a period of absence from work, before and/or after your child’s birth.
Whereas the USA still do not prescribe payments for parental leaves, the majority of the other nations includes a paid period of time off work to rest and look after the newborn.
Mothers and fathers may request an employment-protected leave of absence that employed and self-employed receive during pregnancy, after giving birth or adoption in some countries.
In addition to these, each country has its own child allowance or child-care benefit, that is a support for families or single persons who have a child or more than one. Please note that besides family leave, child benefits are different supports and, in some cases, they are paid regardless of your wage or your children’s nationality. In this article, we try to compare how families grow in 7 different European countries. Let’s start with the family leave allowances!
Family leave policies
Maternity leave has represented a practice as early as the 1800s and covered a minimum of 14 weeks of leave in Europe, paid at an average of two-thirds of the worker’s salary. Today, more than 50 countries in the world offer six months or more of paid maternity leave, with many even offering paid paternity leave for 14 weeks or more.
In the most recent decades, a new formula has come out: the parental leave. It is a period which can be taken by either the parents, before and after the birth, to help a couple share efforts and responsibilities.It was created in the Scandinavian countries and it is greatly spreading all over other countries.
Depending on the State, it is more or less extended: in our case, it goes from 59 weeks in Norway to 10 months in Italy or 26 times your weekly working hours in the Netherlands. Since each country maintains different rules and amount of money destined for this special benefit, we suggest you have a look at each official website for specific info.
All around the world, the current family leave policies change depending on the State Law.
In the chart, a brief summary of maternity and paternity leave counted in weeks. Note that Italy and the Netherlands allow fathers a paternity leave of only 2 days, even mandatory, while Germany and Austria none.
In all of these countries, women and men must have worked and paid social security contributions for a certain period to become eligible for the maternity allowance. Sometimes working periods abroad may be counted as well.
How much money is your country going to spend on your parental leave?
Usually, these allowances are based on the previous employment or in some cases on social security contributions and they are typically paid by the public health insurance funds.
In many EU member states, it is 100% of the salary.
In the Netherlands (100% of the salary) it is paid by employers who later receive a refund from the state funds.
In Italy, the 80% of your salary by the employer, and also through public health insurance or private funds of professional associations.
In Norway it is 100% or 80% of your previous salary depending on the duration of the parental benefit.
Iceland pays 80% of the previous salary to both the parents for at least 12 weeks.
Mothers in Austria and Germany receive full salaries for a limited time of 14 weeks, whereas in Belgium they receive 80% of the previous wage for 70 days.
It must be noted that the percentage decreases in certain cases after the compulsory period.
Not less important, these seven governments allows every family or single parent to leverage from special support fund.
The child benefit, also named child allowance or child support, varies widely from country to country, depending on the support type, the marital status, the number of children and they age.
For example, if you financially support two children and you work in the Netherlands, you can have a support from the Dutch government, the Kindgebonden Budget, that is €2040 per year! Plus, you may claim another allowance, the Kinderbijslag, that goes from €201 up to €287 every 4 months, depending on your child’s age.
Here we resume the minimum sum you may claim for each of our focus countries: the amount of money given monthly and for a single child from 0 to 3 years old. Have a look at the small table here below. You can click on the country you are living and calculate for FREE how much money you can have for your children.
Child benefit amount (€)
As said before, the sum differs based on multiple factors: your child’s age, your child care expenditure, your family status… Wrapping all these info in just few lines would not be enough! If you are a parent abroad, the likelihood to receive a certain amount of money for your children is extremely high, but lots of expats forget to claim their fair money! Dendax may assist you in preparing and presenting your child benefit application. We will calculate how much money you are allowed to ask for, even if you didn’t apply in the previous years! Have a look at our "Social Insurance and Child Benefit" section and calculate for FREE your refund! It's easy, fast and tested!